THE TERNI PROVINCE LANDSCAPE OBSERVATORY (ITALY)

For Modeland project, Province of Terni has activated three different “Landscape Workshops”,coordinated and conducted by experts with the assistance and collaboration of the Scientific and Provincial oordinator Arch. Donatella Venti, as well as the collaboration and contributions of many participants, in particular a constant and generous reference group of many experts’ volunteers.
The activities proceeded cyclically based on: experiences of landscape perception (theme walks), discussions and exchanges of opinions, recognition of the problems and potential of the various
landscapes explored, contributions to enriching the knowledge base.
Each workshop has carried out a participatory process based on the landscape activities that have been conducted during two years. The public partners (Province and Municipalities) have signed (on 2012) a first “Memorandum of Understanding” in which they’ve been committed to project participation.

In each workshop, all subjects mentioned below are widely represented:

- Local administrations (Municipalities and Provinces)
- Entrepreneurial associations of the several economical sectors (Trade Associations, Chamber of Commerce, Entrepreneurs, Craftsmen, Shopkeepers, Farmers, Traders)
- Cultural entities (Pro-loco, Schools, Universities, Superintendency)
- Associations in defense of the territory (Local associations)
- Citizens
- Collective domains


The Landscape Workshops are proved to be a great reservoir of ideas and emotions which if wellhandled could produce surprising results. Everybody within the workshop has supplied their experience and feels like a member of a community which is rooted in a unique landscape environment. This network of people, all of them volunteers, has been founded on the basis of mutual capabilities and respect. In this regard, the territorial and social Network is organized both in a vertical and horizontal way.
3.2.1.1 PROCESS
Every step has harmonized with the “oneness” of the project, in order to avoid internal tensions. Thus structured, the workshop, can train, develop and promote sustainable management to the “Presidio
Paesitico”, the body responsible for the safeguarding of this unique territory.

The steps of work have been defined as following:
- State 1: Landscape appraisal and establishment of landscape quality objectives
The methodologies used for the social perception and the participative knowledge of the ambits are common to the three workshops. Strategies are based on direct participative acknowledgement of living
environments throughout a friendly learning experience. Discussions, counsels, proposals are equally emerged from these experiential activities.

- State 2: Process of mediation between agents establishment of agreements
Through the interactive workshops, it became possible a profitable exchange among groups, technicians, experts, managers and public bodies which brought to light common perspectives and
potential collaborations towards the management of living environments.

- State 3: Signature of the landscape charter and program of derivative actions In this third phase, we’ve defined two specific “Landscape Pacts” for the rural and mountain ambits and a “River Landscape Contract” in relation to the area within the Municipality of Narni. The experience has been completed (in April 2013) by organising an interactive meetings among the workshops and public bodies, public managers, institutions, entrepreneurs and so on and to subscribe the Territorial Landscape Charters. This cycle of activities has lead us to establish the “Participative Governance Statutes” for all of the landscape ambits involved in this project in which are activities as monitoring landscape actions (Landscape participative observatories) Such statutes are modelled on the specific features of each
landscape.

The process for arriving at a Charter has to consist of a series of gradual steps, and to begin this process the first step has to be the construction of a Reference Framework, which brings together Policies, Projects and Proposals defined in general terms, and the fruits of the participatory/expert experience of these years of Workshops.
This Framework would be used as the basis for the subsequent decisions and implementations, both administrative and participatory, all reciprocally integrated and verified in terms of their concrete
feasibility.
Based on the results of these verifications, it would then be possible to organise the subsequent steps of the Participatory Governance Process.

There are two types of objectives that refer to each landscape context:

- Programmatic objectives, which include the use of the entire context by reaching new agreements on the methods for the integrated management of the resources, as a result of specific research, studies,
and existing as well as future assessments.

- Planning objectives, which refer to small towns, to their participating population, to the interventions for the environmental management of the gorge areas, as well as of the archaeological-historical
heritage, and to the community use of civic resources as well as the promotion of light tourism and mobility.